Sexual and reproductive health of patients with spinal cord injuries - Orientation to female fertility and pregnancy

  • Ariadni Petropoulou
  • Dimitrios-Sergios Evangelopoulos
  • John Vlamis
  • Maria-Eleftheria Evangelopoulos
Keywords: spinal cord injury, female fertility, pregnancy outcomes, sexual and reproductive health, women with disabilitie


This exploratory review focus on the sexual and reproductive health of female spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. This investigation seeks to determine whether or not women with spinal cord impairments can become pregnant. Women with SCI are unable to procreate, contrary to the alternative theory. We searched PubMed and Scopus for relevant articles published between 2003 and 2023. Consideration was given to studies, with an emphasis on the sexual and reproductive health, including reproduction, of women with SCI. Animal studies, studies published in languages other than English, male-focused research, studies on neurological diseases other than SCI, and non-relative studies were all disqualified. The findings of this review shed light on the likelihood of conception among individuals with SCI, while the findings of individual studies contribute to our understanding of female fertility and pregnancy outcomes in this population.


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