The Role of Physiotherapy in the Management of Whiplash Injury: A Narrative Review

  • P. Giannopoulou
  • E.S. Vasiliadis
Keywords: whiplash, whiplash injury, whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), physiotherapy, management


Many people in the developed countries have experienced a whiplash injury, in which their cervical spine followed a rapid force of acceleration-deceleration in their neck, in a small or a greater scale, mostly as a result of a vehicle injury. Whiplash associated disorders (WAD) is the term that is used to describe injuries which sustained as a result of these sudden acceleration-deceleration movements. This term also refers to the presence of a total of symptoms that a patient can experience after a whiplash injury such as pain, headache, stiffness and dizziness. As a result, these injuries have many effects and costs in a patient’s daily and work life, work ability and psychology, making it necessary to find treatments that can relieve them. The published reviews have shown the importance of including the therapeutic exercises in a rehabilitation programme aiming to the reduction of those symptoms. Many reviews and researches have been published referring to different therapeutic methods in a whiplash injury, so it is important to discover the appropriate physiotherapy methods for the management of the whiplash injury’s symptomatology. This review is about investigate the role of physiotherapy methods to treat the short-term and long-term symptoms of the whiplash injury.


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Author Biographies

P. Giannopoulou

Postgraduate Student, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Postgraduate Training program, KAT Hospital, Athens, Greece

E.S. Vasiliadis

Postgraduate Student, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Postgraduate Training program, KAT Hospital, Athens, Greece

 3rd Department of Orthopaedic Surgey, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, KAT Hospital, Athens, Greece


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