School scoliosis screening, a program useful not only for the prevention of scoliosis: Part one

Historical data, policies of administration, clinical and practical considerations setting up a school scoliosis screening program and an effective protocol.

  • Theodoros B GRIVAS Dr. Theodoros B. GRIVAS, MD PhD, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Former head of the Traumatology and Orthopaedic Department of “Tzaneio” General Hospital of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece Email:;
Keywords: School scoliosis screening - SSS, history, administration, clinical considerations, practical considerations, setting up SSS, protocol, anthropometry, Adam test


. This report presents an introduction and brief historical data about the school scoliosis screening programs (SSS) and the universal policies for its administration. The clinical and practical considerations/topics for setting up and running the SSS programs for any SSS program examiner are described and analyzed. A protocol is proposed to implement a SSS program. The parameters of the proposed protocol are presented and analyzed, explaining why these specific parameters are included. This protocol may hopefully be used by other interested in SSS orthopaedic teams for the in depth study of idiopathic scoliosis (IS).


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Author Biography

Theodoros B GRIVAS, Dr. Theodoros B. GRIVAS, MD PhD, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Former head of the Traumatology and Orthopaedic Department of “Tzaneio” General Hospital of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece Email:;

Dr Theodoros B. GRIVAS, MD, PhD Orthopaedic and Spinal surgeon, graduated the Medical School at “Aristotle” University of Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Greece. He completed his training in General Surgery, in Paediatric and Adult Orthopaedics and Traumatology in Greece and received the MD Diploma. He also received a PhD degree. He worked at the “University Hospital”, Queen’s Medical Centre, at Nottingham, “Harlow Wood” Orthopaedic Hospital, at Mansfield, UK, under Mr. JK Webb and Professor RG Burwell, at “Evangelismos” and “Thriasio” Hospital at Athens Greece. He is a member of the Hellenic Association of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology and of numerous other scientific societies. He is a member and Traveling Fellow of both AAOS, AOA and SRS. He served as an IRSSD, SOSORT and Hellenic (Greek) Spine Society president. He completed several research projects, studied and implemented the School Screening program and established a National Training Center for school-screening examiners (, published numerous peer-review articles and chapters in books and was invited to lecture on various general orthopaedic and spinal topics. He wrote or was the editor of 9 books, and numerous (630) scientific (128 Medline indexed, see ) publications and presentations. He was scientific responsible/principal investigator or collaborator of 20 research projects, financed by Greek national or European sources (see also at ).
He served as the Chief Editor of BMC open access “Scoliosis and Spinal Deformities” former “Scoliosis” journal and is member of editorial board or reader for several peer-review journals. He severed as a member of the National Examination Committee for the specialty of Orthopaedics and Traumatology during 2019-2020. He is a member of the Crisis and Selection Council of Hellenic National Health System, the competent authority for the appointment of Orthopaedic Surgeons in State Hospital Positions, in the 2nd Health District of Piraeus and the Aegean.
He was the Director of the Orthopaedic and Traumatology Department at “Tzaneio” General Hospital of Piraeus, Greece. His department was invited to provide the “Trialect platform” Fellowship – Traineeship in Orthopaedics and Traumatology.