Static Balance Rehabilitation in Individuals with Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury

Keywords: static balance, balance impairment, balance training, rehabilitation, incomplete spinal cord injury


Spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the tight bundle of cells and nerves that send and receive signals from the brain to and from the rest of the body. SCI can be caused by direct injury to the spinal cord itself or from damage to the tissue and bones that surround it. Patients with SCI often experience motor, sensory and/or respiratory dysfunction, as well as bladder, bowel and/or sexual dysfunction. An incomplete injury means that the spinal cord is still able to transmit certain messages to and from the brain to the rest of the body. Balance dysfunctions are one of the most prevalent impairments post incomplete SCI (iSCI). Static balance is also one of the major determinants of walking function; therefore, discovering effective strategies to improve static balance in this population is significant.

The purpose of this review is to highlight the importance of static balance rehabilitation in individuals with iSCI, as well as to describe effective modes of balance training in this population.


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