Achilles tendon enthesopathy (AE) involves four different pathologic entities of the tendon’s distal insertion to the calcaneus. These entities are described as (a) insertional Achilles tendinitis, (b) retrocalcaneal bursitis, (c) Haglund’s deformity, and

  • Konstantinos Liosis
  • Vasileios Samdanis
  • Ioannis Triantafyllopoulos K.
Keywords: Achilles tendon, enthesopathy, retrocalcaneal bursitis, Haglund’s deformity, calcified tendonitis


Achilles tendon enthesopathy (AE) involves four different pathologic entities of the tendon’s distal insertion to the calcaneus. These entities are described as (a) insertional Achilles tendinitis, (b) retrocalcaneal bursitis, (c) Haglund’s deformity, and (d) intrasubstance calcification. There are many causative factors that lead to the development of AE, such as overuse, trauma, inadequate training or sport equipment, metabolic disorders and autoimmune diseases. The treatment can be initially conservative and in refractive cases surgical.


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Author Biographies

Konstantinos Liosis

5th Orthopaedic Department, Hygeia Private Hospital, Athens, Greece

Vasileios Samdanis

5th Orthopaedic Department, Hygeia Private Hospital, Athens, Greece

Ioannis Triantafyllopoulos K.

5th Orthopaedic Department, Hygeia Private Hospital, Athens, Greece


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