The use of occupational therapy in the rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injuries
Introduction: Occupational therapy addresses physical and psychomotor disorders through specially selected activities in order to help individuals achieve the maximum level of functionality and independence in all aspects of their lives. The role of the occupational therapy in the rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) is complex. Its main goal is to compose and intertwine all the skills so that the SCI patient is able to have an independent, happy and productive life. The purpose of this study is to review the role of occupational therapy in the rehabilitation of SCI patients.
Material and methods: In the PUBMED database the following search was done with the following keywords: “occupational therapy”, “spinal cord injuries”. The search results showed 413 papers. After checking titles, abstracts and accessibility to full texts, 297 articles were rejected. Of the 116 publications evaluated, 35 were rejected for various reasons. So there are 81 studies left for this literature review.
Results: Occupational therapy has been proven to have a significant role in the rehabilitation of SCI patients as it facilitates motor retraining, basic functional movements, home alterations, gait training, wheelchair use, personal independence, entertainment and return to work to SCI patients. Occupational therapy is an important parameter of SCI patients rehabilitation, as it helps them to regain the skills they possessed before his injury, to be re-trained in the roles of daily life and to learn ways to repair shortcomings. Moreover, it helps SCI patients to fulfilldaily activities, such as clothing, nutrition and personal hygiene, and to improve memory, attention, perception and concentration. Ongoing research gives us hope for further improvement in the care and treatment of SCI, but even when new developments are used in practice on a daily basis, the neurological rehabilitation team is fundamental to tackling these patients, so that they can have a productive life.
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